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“-” = Numbers too low to calculate rates. To calculate the RRI, the arrest rate for African-American youth is divided by the arrest rate for White youth. Once petitioned, minority youth charged with a robbery offense in 2010 were somewhat less likely to be adjudicated than were white youth. The matrices present major decision points and compare processing “rates” by race and ethnicity through the relative rate index. Due to the presence of so few Caucasian juveniles in the juvenile justice system in the District of Columbia, it is impossible to employ statistical procedures to understand DMC using the RRI method. Note that for RRI values less than 1, the data is interpreted as 1 divided by the RRI. The Relative Rate Index of the arrest decision point was significantly greater than 1.0 when comparing the overall minority arrest rate to that of white youth. (2009). comparison of the data captured by using national data collections to calculate the relative rate index (RRI) and the disproportionate representation index (DRI). Using only data available for calculating the RRI, it is not possible to determine which or how much each of these factors contribute to racial disparities reflected by the RRIs at the arrest decision point. The relative rate index (RRI)represents the relative volume of minority juveniles to the volume of majority juveniles (adjusted by population) at stages in the juvenile justice system. Once adjudicated, the RRIs indicate that minority youth charged with a robbery offense were less likely to be placed out of the home than white youth, and equally likely to be placed on probation as were adjudicated white youth in 2010. According to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), “At its simplest, the RRI is a means of comparing the rates of juvenile justice contact experienced by different groups of youth.” In all, in 2010 few decisions made in the juvenile justice system processing of robbery offense cases were racially disparate. rates with the juvenile justice system, at which decision points, to what extent, and for which racial or ethnic groups. Some decisions (those with Relative Rate Indices equal to 1.0) neither increase nor decrease disparity but maintain the level of disparity that resulted from prior decisions. The petitioning decision maintained the level of racial disparity in the processing of robbery offense cases in 2010. In addition, considerations of the magnitude of the various RRIs highlight the decision points where the contribution to disparity was greatest in the processing of robbery cases in 2010 (e.g., arrest and, to a lesser degree, court referral) and can help to prioritize the points at which further study is most warranted. If the processing rate for one race/ethnic category of youth is … Definitions: Relative Rate Index (RRI) compares the arrest rate for a particular racial group with the total arrest rate for all juveniles. OJJDP’s guidelines state that when data are missing for analysis, “the rate [RRI] will be calculated on the 2 U.S. Department of Justice. Where does my state rank on premature births? Ultimately, state and local users of the matrices will need to examine the rates of each racial/ethnic group and consider what an "acceptable rate" is in addition to the relative rate. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) is a leader in efforts to reduce the overrepresentation of minority youth in the Nation's juvenile justice system. This method compares the (rate) of activity for each major stage of the juvenile justice system of minority youth compared to white (majority) youth . Relative Rate Index ... • OJJDP Model Programs Guide community indicators • Self-report data on alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use • Community-level income data • Community-level unemployment rate • Community-level demographic data • Area-level school attendance data . 2 The Relative Rate Index (RRI), a formula that OJJDP uses, is one method of tracking disparity. Refer to Juvenile Court 0.00 0.00 --4. Data Source: Which county is performing better on reducing teen dropouts? Information gathered from the JCMSC is used to create the Relative Rate Index (RRI) Tables below. Arrest data from Maryland State Police. The arrest rate is calculated by dividing the number of arrests for each group by the population of that group. Virginia has determined that DMC does exist among its juvenile justice population. ; A new Data Snapshot draws on data from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System to document the trends … Studying the set of Relative Rate Indices for a specific decision process enables us to see the unique contributions made by each decision point to the overall disparity in the system. Population of at-risk Caucasian youths 3. The federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency … Footnotes: 5633, Section 223(a) .....58 . Are there more black or hispanic children in poverty in my county? However, the field has moved beyond looking at racial and ethnic disparities solely from the perspective of overrepresentation of youth of color relative to White youth. plans, compliance and Relative Rate Index (RRI) data, and supporting documentation for the period October 1, 2016 to September 30, 2017, electronically to OJJDP’s . Once again, the disparities added at the petitioning decision point could be the result of several factors (e.g., differential severities in the nature of their crimes, differences in the youths’ prior delinquency histories, and/or decisionmaker bias); only further research can establish the most likely causes. Information gathered from the JCMSC is used to create the Relative Rate Index (RRI) Tables below. Data below shows the trend data for the District of Columbia. resources have been added to the SBB: A new Data Snapshot draws on national arrest estimates to document declines in juvenile arrests through 2019.; A new FAQ showing high school dropout rates by state has been added to the education section under the Population Characteristics. The funds also help states address the core requirements of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act: deinstitutionalization of status offenders, separation of juvenil… The Relative Rate Index (RRI) is one indicator of racial and ethnic disparities. Using the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) criteria, Oregon Relative Rate Index (RRI) values for referrals of both African American and Native American youth are the areas that rise to priority levels using all of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP… She is an expert in evidenced-based programs, and serves as the officer in charge for OJJDP’s Model Programs Guide and Program Manager for NIJ’s CrimeSolutions.gov. Population at risk (age YY through XX ) 2. Source: OJJDP Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement Databook, 2008. An index value of 1.00 would indicate that the rates were essentially the same. The materials that follow are intended to provide step by step instructions for completing the initial identification stage for examining Disproportionate Minority Contact within a jurisdiction. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) developed the relative rate index (RRI) to measure and monitor DMC at each of nine contact points in the juvenile justice system: 1) arrest; 2) referral to court; 3) diversion (includes informal probation); 4) secure detention; 5) charges (petition) filed; 6) found delinquent; 7) placed on formal probation; 8) placed in secure correctional facility; and … State-by-state analysis of American Indian youth is hampered by their small number and attendant small percentage of the population in many states. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) developed the relative rate index (RRI) to measure and monitor DMC at each of nine contact points in the juvenile justice system: 1) arrest; 2) referral to court; 3) diversion (includes informal probation); 4) secure detention; 5) charges (petition) filed; 6) found delinquent; 7) placed on formal probation; 8) placed in secure correctional facility; and … Shelby County's Juvenile Court Dashboard. The Relative Rate Index of the arrest decision point was significantly greater than 1.0 when comparing the overall minority arrest rate to that of white youth. Again, many factors could have lead to this racially-disparate decision. The arrest decision’s RRI is even greater (9.8) when comparing black youth to white youth. Note: Detained and committed. The relative rate index is a commonly used metric nationally. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. How are three neighboring counties in Texas doing on reducing teen births across three age categories. For additional background on the calculation method, see this excerpt from a technical assistance manual developed by … If the processing rate for one race/ethnic category of youth is identical to that of another, the relative rate index is a "1." With this background, we can review the set of Relative Rate Indices (RRI) that capture disproportionate minority contact (DMC) in the juvenile justice system’s handling of robbery cases in 2010. RRIs are designed to be comparable across sites, no matter the size of the jurisdiction, similar to the way percentages are used. This RRI of 7.0 means that the minority youth arrest rate was about 600% greater than the white arrest rate. The data provided in the graphs below are specific to Shelby County and the Juvenile Court of Memphis and Shelby County (JCMSC) for 2019. There are several possible reasons for these racial disparities at the point of arrest. online compliance reporting tool, separately from this application and no later than April 2, 2018. online compliance reporting tool, separately from this application and no later than April 2, 2018. For example, an RRI of 2.0 means that members of that group are two times more likely to be arrested than the total population. Funding through OJJDP's Formula Grants program (Title II) helps states address juvenile delinquency and supports improvements to the juvenile justice system. Juvenile Violent Crime Index Arrest Rates, 2011 Juvenile Violent Crime Index Arrest Rates, 2012 0 to 75 75 to 150 150 to 250 250 or above Data not available Violent Crime Index arrests per 100,000 juveniles ages 10–17, 2011 0 to 75 (7 states) 75 to 150 (18 states) 150 to 250 (16 states) 250 or above (8 states) Data not available (2 states) One of the many possible reasons for this pattern could be that the screening decision used to petition these cases may have sent a greater proportion of legally weak or less serious cases of minority youth to an adjudication hearing and these cases were screened out at the adjudication decision. Minority youth referred to juvenile court for a robbery offense were equally likely to be processed formally (but less likely to be diverted from the formal court process) than were white youth referred to juvenile court. The arrest RRI for American Indian or Alaskan Native (AIAN) youth (0.6) and Asian, Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander (AHPI) youth (0.5) indicates that their arrest rate was far below that of white youth, signifying an arrest disparity for these two groups that brings a disproportionately smaller number of AIAN and AHPI youth into the juvenile justice system for a robbery offense. Definitions: The Relative Rate Index compares the arrest rate for White youth with the arrest rate for African-American youth. For example, minority youth may commit robbery offenses at a greater rate than white youth, with the greater arrest rate simply reflecting these behavioral differences. Source: OJJDP Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement Databook, 2008. It is also important to study, through the use of additional quantitative and qualitative data, the factors and mechanisms that contribute to the observed disproportion at particular contact points within the juvenile justice system. Advocates for Children and Youth. The RRI provides a single index number that indicates the extent to which the volume of that form of . The RRI provides a single index number that indicates whether there is disparity. And some decisions (those with Relative Rate Indices less than 1.0) reduce the level of disparity in the system. Nationwide, American Indian y… Definitions: Relative Rate Index (RRI) compares the arrest rate for a particular racial group with the total arrest rate for all juveniles. The relative rate index is a measure of disproportionate minority contact with the juvenile justice system. The Relative Rate Index is a means of comparing the rates of juvenile justice contact. Or it could be that even when both groups commit crimes at similar rates and these crimes are equally likely to be reported to law enforcement, law enforcement is more likely to arrest minority youth for their robbery offenses. 5The national RRI of 0.9 reported in the National DMC Databook (http://ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/ojstatbb/dmcdb/index.html), shows that with the exception of Asian, Hawaiian, or Paciic Islander youth, minority youth are not being diverted or probated relative to white youth. Cases Diverted 3.70 1.36 0.37 5. The "relative rate index" (RRI) is OJJDP's identified method to compare rates. According to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), “At its simplest, the RRI is a means of … Population data from Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) , Easy Access to Juvenile Populations: 1990-2018. Whenever groups are treated equally – both will have an RRI equal to “1.” For example, DMC Relative Rate Index Matrices could be developed separately for various types of juvenile offenders (e.g., males and females, young and old) or various locations (e.g., urban, suburban, and rural areas) to see if the disparity patterns are linked more strongly to some person offense cases than to others. OJJDP Relative Rate Index (RRI) to measure DMC decision points beyond the arrest stage. The Relative Rate Index (RRI) is used by OJJDP to compare level of contact with the juvenile justice system as experienced by different groups of youth (OJJDP, n.d.b). The Relative Rate Index (RRI) is a helpful way to compare the experiences of different groups of youth within the juvenile justice system. Roughly 90 percent of American Indian juveniles live in just 26 states. Advocates for Children and Youth builds a strong Maryland by advancing policies and programs to ensure children and families of every race, ethnicity, and place of birth achieve their full potential. Example: RRIs for Referrals to Juvenile Court (2012 Missouri Data) 1. The "relative rate index" (RRI) is OJJDP's identified method to compare rates. Note: Detained and committed. In 2010 minority youth (RRI of 1.1) were somewhat more likely to be referred to juvenile court for a robbery offense than were white youth. thousand (1,000) youth for Black or African-American youth), the relative rate index (318.11 divided by 78.18 = 4.07) and an indication whether that index is statistically significant (i.e., could it have occurred by a random process). “-” = Numbers too low to calculate rates. ! Data below shows the trend data for the District of Columbia. This pattern held for black youth whose RRI was also 1.1. For example, an RRI of 2.0 means that members of that group are two times more likely to be arrested than the total population. The Relative Rate Index (RRI) is a measure of the rate of racial disparity between white youth and youth of color at a particular stage in the system. This pattern held for black youth, but not for AIAN and AHPI youth; the detention RRI for AIAN and AHPI youth was 0.7 in 2010, indicating that AIAN and AHPI youth referred to juvenile court for a robbery offense were less likely to be securely detained than were white youth. Appendices She authored two chapters of the OJJDP DMC Technical Assistance Manual and worked with Feyerherm to design the relative rate index (RRI) reporting system for state DMC coordinators. An OJJDP Compliance Monitor explains the Juvenile Justice Reform Act mandate that states must have an "effective" system of monitoring compliance with the core requirements of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act. Data Items Rate of Occurrence - White Youth Rate of Occurrence - Minority Youth Relative Rate Index 1. The RRI for referral to juvenile court for minority youth overall indicates the level of racial disparity in the juvenile justice system for minorities increased slightly as a result of this decision. It is a ratio of the rate of minority juvenile interaction with the justice system at a particular contact point as compared with white juveniles’ contact. Relative Rate Index and how it is used in Multnomah County's Juvenile System. As outlined by the OJJDP DMC Reduction Model, the identification of disproportionality occurs in four steps: defining the contact points, identifying data sources, collecting data and calculating and interpreting Relative Rate Index (RRI) values. 2010 were somewhat less likely to be comparable across sites, no matter the size of the,! 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